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  1. The first important thing is that ensures your success in essay writing for CSS exam is what you present in your essay, your own ideas and thoughts. The examinar expect from you a great deal of knowledge about the topic, more maturity in your thoughts and ideas, thoughts based on facts supporting or opposing the topic, multi-dimensional approach to explain about the topic and proper way of expressing your ideas and thoughts.
  2. You must go through well written essays by experts in newspapers and magazines, and understand how they frame the โ€˜Introductionโ€™ and โ€˜Conclusionโ€™ passages.
  3. There should be a logical continuation from beginning to end.
  4. Essay should be organized in well structured paragraphs coherent with the flow of the essay.
  5. Donโ€™t be too aggressive or pessimistic in your tone.
  6. Come up with strong points (arguments) and express new view points elaborately.
  7. Write mock essays and get it evaluated by experts in the field.
  8. You must know the basics; parts of speech, tenses, punctuation, sentence structure, vocabulary, paragraph writing, and all other basic components of English should be learnt. This achieve by reading by reading a simple grammar book.
  9. There are few common rules of writing essay that should be learnt rigorously.
  10. Practicing short essays will give you command over essay writing and putting firm foundation for full length essay.
  11. Going through past papers, and by following current trends, shortlist some topics and collect relevant material. How much will be sufficient can be gauged by developing detailed outline of each topic.
  12. Material for English Essays can be gathered from two sources: One; books, magazines, newspapers, journals, etc. Two; from official documents like Quarterly reports of SBP, Economic Survey of Pakistan; reports of international agencies like WB, IMF, ADB, UN, USAID etc; treaties, agreements, etc. They are very important in order to strengthen your discourse skills.
  13. Practice essay after CSS pattern and get it evaluated. This should be done regularly especially in the months of Dec and Jan. In this way, you will feel less pressure in actual examination.
  14. First thing that I would suggest you to do and start right now is to start reading DAWN or any other newspaper. Dawn is considered as the BIBLE of CSS. Make a routine of reading DAWN daily, specially its Editorials and Opinion Pages.
  15. Start from English Newspaper. Dawn Newspaper is the best news paper in this regard. Start reading daily basis. Go through from your areas of interest. Read headlines and editorials. And note down difficult words. Check there meaning from dictionary and use them in your own sentences. Reading is the per-requisite to learn English. You can read books, novels e.t.c based on your interest.
  16. Grammar is the backbone of English writing. The most recommended book in this regard is Wren and Martin English Grammar. Its key is also available on book stores. You can do exercises from this book on daily basis.
  17. Start writing from your daily routine. At the end of the day try to write everything you have done. Move on gradually to paragraph writing. Read articles from some renowned English Newspapers or some paragraph from any book and try to describe that in your own words.
  18. For Essay Topics, go through past papers of at-least 15 years. First you should start writing on simple topics first like Education in Pakistan, Women Empowerment, Terrorism, Role of Media in our daily lives e.t.c. Once you are able to write on these basic topics, move towards actual topics from the past papers.
  19. Once you have selected a good topic for essay writing, do some brainstorming on that topic. You must Note down all the points and aspects w.r.t that topic. Now re-arrange and organize your points. Make an outline. Describe these headings in outline in one paragraph for each.
  20. . Generally the format of an Essay should include (a) Introduction (b) Thesis Statem
  21. ent (c) Causes (d) Effects (e) Remedies (f) Conclusion
  22. Read different sample Essays to get a better understanding of what an Essay should be look like.
  23. Do not spend all the time on Essay writing. Make a schedule for week or for month whatever suits you. Choose a topic on weekly basis. In this regard weekend days Saturday and Sunday for writing practice and read and collect material for that essay in other days. You can give two to three hours daily for this thing.
  24. Get your work checked by some good teacher.
  25. You should have the habit of general reading because it is what you learn that you present in your essay. General topics of study as more as possible is quite helpful. You should analyize and Observe whatever you learn as well as have your own perspective about it to explore it.
  26. The way you describe, explain, elaborate or discuss about an idea counts a lot for writing a good essay. Always try to write in a simple, clear and easily comprehensible manner. Never write ideas in a convoluted manner. You can write short and simple sentences instead writing very long sentences containing many clauses. If you are Writing on different dimensions of the subject matter should be in a way that each aspect should be fully unveiled so that there may be no room for ambiguity for the reader.

Also Read General Knowledge for CSS and PMS

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